Quick Look at 2 Famous Masons [opinion]

final draft




I have chosen two famous masons for my 2016 assignment. I want to begin with a quick disclosure on my research technique. There is much Masonic / Secret Society conspiracy information written about each of my selections. I must disclose I had a tough time finding direct lodge ‘membership record’ data on either. The sheer volume of written speculation combined with a few provable data points will form the basis for my conclusions.

William Jefferson Clinton was the 42nd president of the United States. Bill Clinton has achieved membership in the Trilateral Commission, Council of Foreign Relations [1989], is a Rhodes Scholar [University Oxford], and a Bilderberger participant. [http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/uspresidentasmasonspt4.htm] Born August 19th, 1946 [city of Hope, Arkansas], Clinton became the Governor of Arkansas for the terms during 1979 to 1981, and 1983 to 1992. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Clinton#Early_life_and_career] Bill Clinton himself has disclosed his DeMolay membership in his autobiography, My Life. Clinton describes inspirations during this time, Catholics, music, and his DeMolay ritual, from the bottom of page 44 to page 45. He closes this memory by stating, at that immediate time, he did not graduate to a full Masonic Lodge. However, he does make mention of his observations regarding Prince Hall Masonry, and all the fun they seemed to have during specific witnessed gatherings. This observation was developed during his governorship of Arkansas. [http://bessel.org/clinton.htm]

My second famous Mason is Hillary Clinton. Most masons take a vow never to ‘make or be present to the making [of] a woman a mason,’ but here is what I found…

Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton was born October 26th, 1947. Her first days were spent in Park Ridge, Illinois. She attended Wellesley College [graduated 1969], and earned her J.D. from Yale Law School in 1973. She was a U.S. Senator for New York State [2001-2009], First Lady of the United States [1993-2001], and the 67th US Secretary of State [2009-2013]. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillary_Clinton]

There is an article from the 10/31/2017 edition of The Greenwich Village Gazette disclosing a fact that during the article’s research, many people from Arkansas found so common that they have ‘forgotten’ about it. Hillary Clinton is reported to have joined OES, The Order of Eastern Star, soon after marrying Bill Clinton in 1975. The article confirms the story with a witness from MI [Michigan], who chose to remain anonymous, gave the article writer testimony to factual ‘classified’ evidence as verbal proof. [http://www.gvny.com/richard_schiff_section/toby_rogers10-31-07.htm]

The Order of Eastern Star is an appendant Masonic body established in 1805. This organization is open to men and women. OES is based upon biblical teachings, but is open to petitioners of all faiths. In recent days, women have been required to be ‘relatives’ of a freemason. Men who apply should first achieve the level of Master Mason. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Eastern_Star]

Queen Esther Chapter No. 1 [Washington, D.C.] became the first Prince Hall Mason OES affiliate in December, of 1874. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Eastern_Star] The main charities OES contributes to are Alzheimer’s disease, Juvenile Diabetes, and Juvenile Asthma research.


There are some specific qualities that all women’s Masonic groups have in common. Specifically, I would like to briefly mention Co-Masonry and Women Freemasonry Lodges. [http://www.masonic-lodge-of-education.com/women-freemasons.html] Co-Masonic Lodges admit both men and women. Women Freemasonry admits only women. Both lodges strictly pursue what is simply termed, the ‘Parallel Fraternal Spirit.’ Parallel Fraternal Spirit is the recognition of the important focus on service to all peoples. Both lodges also strive to match the same classical Masonic Ideals put forth by the ancient craft. [http://www.masonic-lodge-of-education.com/women-freemasons.html]

Masonic Education for English and American women differs slightly… Women’s Freemasonry in England teaches about the Common Gavel, the 24 Inch Gauge, and the Chisel for the E.A. Degree; The Plumb, Rule, and Square for the Fellowcraft; and the Master Mason teaches about the Skirret, Pencil, and the Compasses[http://www.masonic-lodge-of-education.com/women-freemasons.html]

Skirret:  One of The Working Tools

A skirret is a line of cord on a reel.  At the loose end of the cord is a stake.  Within Freemasonry, It is used symbolically to create a straight and undeviating line of conduct.  The spool of cord resides on a cord holder which freely rotates on a center pin.  We might commonly see this tool used by a gardener in which to create straight rows of crops.

The rotating cord holder reels out the cord which is stretched tightly.  In this way, the skirret was used to mark out straight lines to create not only straight rows of crops, but perfectly straight lines for the foundation of a building or edifice…


There are five common ‘features’ of Women Freemason Lodges…

1] Membership is by invitation only; 2] All are eligible regardless of race, creed, ethnic background or sex; 3] Each local group is titled ‘an Obedience;’ 4] ALL members must Actively Participate or Resign; and 5] Gatherings are all Formal, not social occasions

There are a few differences between these lodges. In Le Droit Humain lodges, there is no Masonic ‘G’ on display. Droit Lodges are not connected formally with Freemasonry, and are known as clandestine lodges when mentioned in the context of regular Masonic organizations. However, Women’s Freemason Lodges are generally free to visit each Le Droit lodges. Finally, American Female Freemason’s education does not include the skirret, the chisel, or the pencil. [http://www.masonic-lodge-of-education.com/women-freemasons.html%5D

Revision 2



  1. Bessel, Paul M. President Bill Clinton and Freemasonry (and DeMolay). http://bessel.org/clinton.htm Paul M. Bessel © 1998 – 2015.


  1. The Forbidden Knowledge. United States Presidents and the Illuminati / Masonic Power Structure Pt. 4. http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/uspresidentasmasonspt4.htm Robert Howard © 1999-2002.


  1. Masonic Lodge of Education. Women Freemasons. http://www.masonic-lodge-of-education.com/women-freemasons.html. Masonic Lodge of Education © 2007-2016.



  1. Rogers, Toby. Season of the Witch: Does Hillary belong to a Secret Coven? http://www.gvny.com/richard_schiff_section/toby_rogers10-31-07.htm. Greenwich Village Gazette. October, 2007


  1. Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia. Bill Clinton. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Clinton#Early_life_and_career. Last modified December 3, 2016.


  1. Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia. Order of the Eastern Star. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_the_Eastern_Star. Last modified November 23, 2016.







Hiding in Plain Sight…

final draft

Two Examples of Clandestine Masonry…

Clandestine Masonic Lodges is a concept discussed during dinners and fireplace chats in many lodges I have visited. They represent a curio more often spoken of or retold as mentioned as a sister’s friend’s teacher’s veterinarian’s shop keeper’s lodge. This short paper will present in short order and by no means definitive two famous cases of what are known as Clandestine Masonic Lodges. For the purposes of this paper, Clandestine is defined as root ‘secret’ or ‘hidden.’ Clandestine is derived from the French translation ‘done in a hiding place, against the laws…” (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/) The more approximate Masonic phrase is usually ‘Irregular,’ or ‘making small departures from Grand Lodge official Masonic customs.’

The first example is in regards to the American Masonic Federation. This organization was brought to trial in the United States Federal Court in Utah. It was subsequently written up in book format with the assistance of Brother M.G. Price. It was ensured that neither the judge nor jury members were masons, and the course of legal action resides within the ‘general Ignorance of the Masonic Craft on Masonic History and Law, and the Inability of the general public to disprove American Masonic Lodge claims and statements.’ (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/)

The conviction was arrived at in Salt Lake City Federal Court, Utah, on May 15th 1922. The men convicted of operating a clandestine lodge, and more importantly, of committing mail fraud and general business mismanagement were Matthew A. McBlain Thomson (main perpetrator), Thomas Perrot, and Dominic Bergera (posing as organization’s Treasurer General).

An investigation into the activities of ‘The American Masonic Federation’ began in 1915. It describes a 15 year scam headed by Matthew McBlain Thomson who claimed to be the former member of Two Scotland Lodges, and the Past Master of one. Matthew McBlain Thomson first affiliated in the United States with Montpelier, Idaho King Solomon Lodge No. 27. Mr. Thomson removed himself from Grand Lodge Radar swiftly, taking a good demit. He then proceeded to start the American Masonic Federation, which would claim to have 10,000 internationally recognized members- known to ‘practically every country in the world.’ (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/) He would also later be recognized as falsely selling his credentials, which he packaged as legitimate ability to confer Masonic Degrees. Mr. Thomson had a very good story to sell, and because of the innate writing of obligations masons take, was very difficult to testify against in U.S. Court.

Matthew McBlain Thomson formulated the claim that, except Louisiana, the United States was ‘unoccupied territory Masonically (1)… and not one of the Grand Lodges in the US had a Charter authorizing it to do Masonic work.(2) Historically, the Thirteen Colonies organized a Grand Lodge of its own manifestation, without ever obtaining consent of any Grand Lodge from which their Charters were originally obtained.(3) He described that the United States Masonic Jurisdictions, by breaking away from their home Grand Lodges of Great Britain without prior consent, made them immediate irregular and clandestine operations. This oversight made the United States open to any regular organization that chose to occupy it. (4) Moving forward, historical recognition by the Grand Lodges of Britain did not make these ‘self-created’ Grand Lodges of the United States legitimate,(5) making all US Grand Lodges immediately Clandestine. Most especially, because US Grand Lodges are not all universal and refuse to recognize the Freemasons in other countries because of free selection of religion, race, and other local variances, the entire concept of limiting choice runs contrary to the principles of Natural Universality. (6) (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/) Matthew McBlain Thomson then claimed lawful descent from the Lawful Charters of Mother Kilwining Lodge No. 0 of Scotland, and St. Johns Mother Lodge at Marseille, France. Continuing with his logic, St. John later chartered Polar Star Lodge, Louisiana, in 1794. (7) This lodge became part of the Supreme Council of Louisiana, and on September 14th, 1906, Matthew McBlain Thomson stated he was granted a Charter of Authority to form Craft or Symbolic Grand and Subordinate Lodges of Masons. It was through this authority that Mr. Thomson granted a Charter to the Grand Lodge of Inter- Montana. (8)

Thomson continued his logic by stating because of the above conditions, that HE had single sole and TRUE authority, since he / it came from Scotland. Naturally, because all other US Scottish Rite so-called lodges Originated from the United States OR came from France, his authority was correct because it came from Scotland. With his Masonic basis in place, Matthew McBlain Thomson went on to claim full authority to authorized learning’s of Higher Degrees in Masonry by Virtue of Charter from the Rites of Scotland AND, this body was ‘the Oldest High Degree Body in the World.’ It should now be quite apparent, as delineated by Thomson, that ‘all High Degree Diplomas came directly from Grand Council in Scotland.’ Just to refresh the argument, Mr. Thomson claimed the Grand Council of Rites derived originally from Mother Kilwinning Lodge. This was Matthew McBlain Thomson’s ‘Chain of Title’ and the evidence he presented in his defense.

Chain of Title and Rite to Work established, Mr. Thomson was described to have sent out organizers whose duty it was to ‘organize’ Lodges, and confer Masonic Degrees. These Craft degrees were recorded in court records to cost between $535 to $550, with the average cost being reported as $550. Also, for a few dollars more, Scottish Rite Degrees from Fourth to the Thirty-third could be obtained. The price schedule for advanced degrees were $135 to $200. Shrine and / or Templar Degrees were sometimes conferred as ‘bonus’ options. (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/)

The US prosecution stated there wasn’t a sound link in the American Masonic Organization’s chain. They presented the start of investigation began when a Mr. Ranson was arrested in St. Louis, 1915. A Post Office Inspector in charge of St. Louis opted to pass the case to U.S. Government in charge of using the USPS Mail with intent to defraud. Inspector M.G. Price was assigned to instigate the reported behavior. He entered official and formal proceedings in 1919, and over the next five years chased down facts and witnesses in the United States, Scotland, France in order to determine the veracity of all tangential claims.

A Federal Indictment was pursued for this Clandestine Lodge, naming Matthew McBlain Thomson, Thomas Perrot, Dominic Bergera and Robert Jamieson, in Federal Suit at United States District Court, Salt Lake City, Utah. The regular judge of this circuit was a Freemason, and every attempt to show fairness in fact-finding was taken. One Judge Wade, know to all to be very fair and honest was given charge of the case. Witnesses of Thomson’s organization, three officers of various Masonic Grand Bodies of Scotland, and several brethren of Masonic Bodies of the United States, were all subpoenaed. It was the intent of the court to determine the legality of Mr. Thomson’s Organization, the Methods used, and the representations made. (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/) The Scottish Brethren testified as to Masonic History, and Law in Scotland. They told the court that Mother Kilwinning Lodge has a copy of every Charter ever issued, and it Never issued a charter as Lodge in Marseille, France. Statements were given that the Grand Council of Rites of Scotland were considered to be Clandestine, AND members of legitimate Scottish Lodges were forbidden to be members of it, or have any Masonic Dealings with said organization. Two Officers of the Supreme Council Louisiana testified their Council Never granted Charter to Thomson for the purpose of working Craft Degrees. The U.S. government also highlighted contradictory statements contained within Thomson Publication’s materials.

Judge Wade read in a Guilty verdict in preponderance of the evidence, and ordered each to serve 2 years in federal penitentiary and to each pay a fine of $5000. All traveling stories and foreign lodge dealings were rule ‘false representations,’ with no real authority of foreign charters, no evidence of correct and proper use and storage of business monies, or regular ‘business-like manner for the benefit of the organization.’ (https://encyclopediaoffreemasonry.com/c/clandestine/) Judge Wade estimated the amount of fees, mail order degree or otherwise, to be in the amount in excess of $1,000,000; all of which was unaccountable at time of trial. The court found no business account ever mentioned in testimony. No storage location or Secretary’s transaction ledgers could be recalled or confiscated. The prosecution asked the court for five-year prison terms, but because of Mr. Thomson’s age, Judge Wade surmised two years at Leavenworth Prison, and the accompanying Five thousand dollar penalty, to be fair and equitable for each man involved in this Clandestine Scam.

The second Clandestine lodge of this paper will describe the Propaganda Due, or P2 Lodge of Italy. This Masonic Lodge operated under the Jurisdiction of the Grand Orient Lodge of Italy, from 1945 to 1976. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due The lodge was eventually determined to be operating as a covert or Clandestine lodge, also known to refer to a ‘Black’ or illegally operating in contravention of Article 18 of the authority’s Constitution of Italy banning such Lodge from activities in the period of 1976 to 1981. The Lodge was determined to be in disregard for Grand Orient Lodge Authority, as it continued operations after the following information was heard and actually ruled upon.

A man named Licio Gelli was the known and installed head of P2. This organization was accused of many crimes and mysteries, including the collapse of Vatican Affiliated Banco Ambrosiano, the murders of Mino Pecorelli, a banker named Roberto Calvi, the Targentoploli Bribe Scandal, and the collapse of Michele Sindona’s financial empire. Propaganda Due is sometimes considered a ‘state’ within a State, or a Shadow Government. Seized documents from Licio’s stash were later made public. Many names of recognizable people from Italian Parliament, industrialists, and military leaders were written down. During the same search of Licio Gelli’s villa, police found a document called ‘Plan for a Democratic Rebirth’ which outlined concepts of consolidation of the media, suppression of trade unions, and the notion of necessity of rewriting the Italian Constitution. P2 was also known to have activities in Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

Propaganda Due was originally founded in 1877 in Turin. It was titled ‘Propaganda Massonica.’ The lodge was popularized and frequented by officials and politicians unable to attend their own mother lodge while away on business. Members of P2 were also individuals of the Piedmont nobility. After World War II, the Grand Orient Lodge of Italy decided to renumber its lodges. The original name was changed to ‘Propaganda Due,’ but by the 1960’s, attendance declined and fewer communications were held. Freemasonry in general was ‘reborn’ after WWII with American encouragement. The Fascist Regime of Benito Mussolini outlawed Freemasonry, and the full tide of free thought had yet to wash upon Italy’s shores. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

Free-thinking as we understand it to be in the United States today was curtailed in favor of anti-communistic thought. The Italian Grandmaster LIno Salvini of Grand Orient Lodge found this repression to again threaten the fundamentals of obligations. In 1971, Salvini assigned Licio Gelli to ‘reorganize’ P2 and ‘calm the fears of the brethren.’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due Under the Grandmaster’s authority, Gelli obtained lists of ‘sleeping members’ and regenerated lodge membership from a mixed composite creation. These men were often determined to be men not invited to take part in Masonic Rituals anymore because Italian Freemasonry was, at that time, under the scrutiny of the Christian Democrats. An example of what a ‘sleeping member’ might look like would be a current man of The Order of Former Freemasons. This is an evangelical discipleship of Christian men once members of formal Masonic Lodges. The Christian Democrats of that time represented Catholic School Teachings, previously tainted by illegal trade import quotas [banana] and an illegal and misprinted postage stamp scandal.

The confusing political climate was further shaded by the Italian Grand Orient’s verdict to first be interpreted as ‘Suspending’ P2 activities. In 1978, Gelli was documented in ‘financing’ a particular mason’s campaign for Grandmaster. By 1981, the strength and independence of Propaganda Due was determined to be anti-nationalistic. Another Masonic Tribunal decided the previous 1974 trial and vote verdict actually to have determined that the P2 Lodge Factually ceased to exist. This ruling extended to Gelli’s and P2’s activities to be viewed as Clandestine, and therefore, illegal. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due It was later postulated that P2 might have represented (1) A standby government in case the Italian Communist Party obtained electoral victory, or that (2) P2 was specifically raised to affect and improve the political careers of members with the end result of making powerful connections. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

Activities of Propaganda Due were discovered by prosecutors while investigating Michele Sindona, the collapse of his bank, and any suspected ties to the Mafia. Police found several critical documents in Gelli’s house. The Prime Minister Amaldo Forlani proceeded to appoint a Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry, to be headed by Christian Democrat Tina Anselmi. Forlani’s chief of cabinet was a known P2 member, but no circumstance prevented Forlani’s demise and subsequent resignation. The results of the investigation and their scandalous nature caused the fall of his administration. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due July 1982 produced further documentation when papers found in a suitcase belonging to Gelli’s daughter were found at Fumicino Airport, Rome. [entitled Memorandum sulla situazione italiana- Memorandum on Italian Situation / Piano di rinascita democratic- plan of democratic rebirth…] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due Inquisition also determined a formal program existed funded in the amount of 30 to 40 billion lire to be used to get people and actions moving. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

The following events and incidents are attributable to the Propaganda Due Clandestine Masonic Lodge, its members and programs. The !977 Corriere Sera Takeover or P2’s buyout of the Corriere della Sera newspaper with Vatican Funding to shift its editorial line to the right. A 1980 interview has Gelli describing his career goals of being a puppet master, and the notion of a general Italian Constitutional rewrite in a Gaullist Presidential System structure. Specifically, a French phenomena sympathetic to neither a left or right bias, neither free from contradictions nor momentary concessions of necessity. In theory a Gaullist Presidential system leans Right but committed to Montesquieu’s and Rousseau’s concepts of social contract and positive law, or rights for individuals or groups authorized by government or judiciary. It provides for mixed government, freedom from absolute monarchy, necessity of civic virtue and common good, but borrowing economics and individualism from ‘liberalism.’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

Propaganda Due was found to be involved in the Bologna Massacre, where Gelli and secret service boss Pietro Musumeci were caught trying to mislead police during an investigation where 85 people were killed and over 200 wounded. P2 was also implicated in the Banco Ambrosiano Scandal, the death of its president Roberto Calvi in London, England. An initial coroner’s report of a suicide was later refilled as ‘murder.’ Investigative journalists found bank funds went to P2 or some of its members. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due There was also a Protezione Account Affair whereby documents were found in 1981 detailing a numbered account at Union Bank Switzerland, Lugano, Switzerland. Payment of US$7 million by Florio Fiorini through Roberto Calvi to the then Italian Socialist Party Leader Claudio Martelli, on behalf of Bettino Carxi, a socialist prime minister from 1983 to 1987. The full extent of this event became evident in 1993 during the mani-pulite or ‘Clean Hands’ kickback on a loan organized by socialist leaders to bail out Banco Ambrosiano. P2 has been also linked to the recovery of Argentine’s Juan Peron’s ‘severed hands.’ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

Secret and Clandestine Lodges were outlawed by Benito Mussolini in 1925, but a just as quiet toleration always existed. Special new laws were enacted to clarify Italian relationships, but a recent case involving a British Navel Officer being prohibited from joining a Masonic Lodge was questioned by E.U. Court of Human Rights as a possible breach of right of expression and choice. Not all members on Gelli’s list were ever made public as determined by the numbering schema beginning with 1600 on the public documents. And in a strange but true reality, Gelli was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize for Literature in 1996, supported by Mother Teresa and Naguib Mafouz. In 2003, Gelli told La Repubbica it seemed to him that Sivio Burlusconi was implementing a refreshing and soothing P2 plan for ‘Democratic Rebirth.’ In May of 2009, all charges were dropped or ruled ‘unsustainable’ against Gelli. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due

P2 has also been considered as a ‘strategy of tension’ [stragia della tensione], or Cold War Device to divide, manipulate, control public opinion using fear, propaganda, disinformation, psychological warfare, agent provocateurs, and false terrorist activities, to achieve strategic aims. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaganda_Due In both cases, what is Clandestine can be viewed as secret in the notion that their historical mutations upon society have been hidden by the sideshow of their outing. In these cases, the evidence suggests that the label of Clandestine has been given to the American Masonic Federation and to Propaganda Due because of their unwillingness to conform to agreed upon and known standards of work. It can be said that this need to stand outside of accepted standards, and the lengths taken to protect their actions is testimony to the types and scale of activities that were undertaken. Not solely promoting anarchy, but a need to step out of existing systems and remain hidden while enough opinion, ink or actual change can occur before the ‘show’ is over.


Thoughts about Tyranny of the Minority

rough draft… 12/18/2017

Intro / Conclusion

[Lord Radcliffe in a Lecture on “The Dissolving Society” given in London in 1966… On the Art of Political Theory: in regards to the known knowns, and when the civilized man should be most patient,

[the wishes of majority] ought not to be given effect to at the expense of a minority, large or small, and of that art, so far as I can see, our public life is almost totally deficient.”

A Master Mason learns that the trowel is a useful instrument whereby speculative masons ‘spread the cement of brotherly love and friendship.’ It is this cement that symbolically binds the fraternity together. A Freemason’s master mason learning lecture ‘Leaves,’ as we are told, ‘but one noble contention. The brotherly disagreement that causes consideration to Who is best to work, and Who is best to agree.’ It is also known that the mason is expected to submit patiently to the laws of their government and leaders [citation needed]. Further, masons promise not to cheat, wrong nor defraud several common and steadfast institutions, nor be given to plots of anarchy. Obligations all masons take within the walls of the Masonic Lodge. These obligations lead to morally difficult choices in our everyday lives.

The requirements are not lofty or unclear. Masons stand for free thought; freedom to pursue their own answers and freedom to think for themselves. Freemasonry formed to protect the freedom to keep their mental data private,as with any personal property, and the freedom to express their conclusions without fear of harassment or reproach. Most recently, American Masons chose Revolution to protect the right all free-born people have defined as certain unalienable rights. Order and structure are very important. Cooperation and compromise are necessary tools to get the daily work done. Masons should never forget every man’s basic rights. Those basic rights that elect leaders within a democratic society. The rights that confer free discussion without the torrential passions crushing open discussion. When this type of tyranny arises, masons [and people in general] lose their freedoms as the offenders try to squash their fellow brethren. The American Founders gave this much thought, and when all agreed on the correct words, cemented the phrase ‘United we Stand, Divided we Fall.’

And Justice For All” means total consideration of all thoughts, expressible in an open atmosphere, and free from tyranny and attack. What defines the mason’s power of free thought, and the list of allowable activities? Those rights often described as freedoms created by or contained within the mason’s body, brain, and immediate property. Further, free discussions and creative thoughts are central pieces that Freemasonry strives to protect. History has marked numerous instances where a majority or minority has crowded out the individual’s or group’s freedoms. A mason must ensure tolerance during appropriate open expressions and discussions. The cement of brotherly love and friendship that unites the fraternity is the same sticking agent that encourages free and open thought. In fact, even the Entered Apprentice mason has a ‘daub’ of this cement, which necessarily protects the discussions that occur. No majority or minority agent should ever usurp power of individual and act in a tyrannical manner.

David Weinberg describes two types of Masonic Harmony in his article “Harmony Isn’t What it Used to Be.” Bro. Weinberg describes the fraternal bond as the reminder that it is fine to ‘agree or disagree amicably.’ Masonic Harmony ‘does not imply’ zero disagreement. [http://www.masonicdictionary.com/harmony2.html] Brother Weinberg explains his observation of two types of lodge discussions as variants of the same process. (1) Harmony is invoked when regular discussion and debate is finished and ‘the lodge returns to Masonic Harmony.’ [http://www.masonicdictionary.com/harmony2.html] The second type of harmony is closer to an ‘emergency eject button,’ or what he terms (2) Aggressive Harmony. Aggressive Masonic Harmony is the hand brake that strips away a challenge or different opinion’s merit and concepts, to preserve what some group or leader(s) feel is the status quo. [http://www.masonicdictionary.com/harmony2.html] The offending discussion is painted as ‘unmasonic,’ and no consideration or floor time is given to the alternative viewpoint. This discussion curtailment is not based on craft logic, or time constraints, or even definite masonic precedence. The ‘aggressive use’ description implies witness to any challenge or re-direction toward the leadership that gets censored before all the facets of said thought or expression are examined. An Annenberg Classroom article explains how [majority] rule in a Democracy historically gets checked against any person[s] holding unpopular views. “Unlimited Majority Rule in a Democracy is potentially just as despotic as the unchecked rule of an autocrat or an elitist minority political party.” [http://www.annenbergclassroom.org/glossaries.aspx?term=majority-rule-and-minority-rights&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1]

John Locke theorized that the individual’s freedoms are protected when property, in the most general notion, is respected and safeguarded. In fact, it would appear that it is not best to pin down the Who is best to think and act. Rather, the spirit of the teaching renders the ‘who’ irrelevant. When masons are able to respect the winding path to a conclusion set, no matter what that might be, the best answer[s] are ensured. When masons acknowledge what they really strive to protect is the freedom to think in unique segments, and the circumstances by which those thoughts are arrived at, the entire craft is allowed to flourish. When the entire craft can flourish, masonry as an organization is able to best lead. RW Brother G. H. Robertson wrote about how masons should be ‘other regarding’ instead of self-regarding. In the article “Religions and Political Discussions,” Brother Robertson recognizes the direction of masonry to respect the vote of the majority. These ‘wishes’ MUST exist within the sphere of “reflection, consideration, and application of the thoughts of the minority(-ies).” The honest application of math and science and clear discourse with simple and understandable words will lead to the learning of the ‘Art of Democracy.’ Brother Robertson wrote that ‘the general public’ has no knowledge of or has forgotten about, the art of democracy. [http://www.themasonictrowel.com/Articles/Freemasonry/masonic_institution/religions_and_political_discussions.html ]

When a mason considers who is best to work, and who is best to agree, he is not thinking about who is incompetent or unfit. Best to work and best to agree seems to really be teaching us to listen to everyone, and respect everyone’s right to property and free thought. This respect will then lead the craft down the rightful and natural best path(s), because all knowable options will thus have been explored, with all in agreement on how to proceed. This debate is framed in our modern lodges by the newly raised brothers, and the fresh energy which they bring to the craft. The temper of repeated explanation will harden confused thought, but care must be applied not to incinerate the bravery that comes with fresh eyes. New ideas are not poisonous to the craft because they are modern, fresh, or untried. It is the passion of curiosity and freedom that inspires everyone to recalibrate and continually consider whether or not things could be done better, or to greater effect. [https://www.reddit.com/r/freemasonry/comments/4p5n2t/younger_masons_what_are_some_things_youd_like_to/]

It is most important to remember the history that documents the craft’s discursive patience during times of hardship and suffering. These bookmarks remind us that there is no wrong thought, theory, observation, or belief, that may stop the brethren from finding solutions. W. Smith’s pocket companion (London, 1734::1735) testifies that ‘most members have learned to abstain from political and religious discussions.’ This may be one of the earliest formative ‘landmarks,’ or ‘a charge,’ on record. Brotherly Love, Relief, and Truth, are among the greatest qualities a mason can posses. Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic must not serve to confuse or trick a listener because it was taught that a brother’s passions and prejudices are to be divested from communication. Patience and not abstention, will lead a brother to be ‘other regarding,’ and not aloof and inconsiderate. [http://www.themasonictrowel.com/Articles/Freemasonry/masonic_institution/religions_and_political_discussions.html ]

Many masons have been shocked into wakefulness while contemplating how divestiture of passions can co-exist with individual freedom of mind and body. The months and years leading up to the American Revolution mark one of the most inspired and documented periods of free and open masonic thought. The irony of this period is the amount of discussion and type of criticisms American Freemasons engaged in, concerning their superiors and governing entities. How is that possible? Were American Freemasons really anarchists? The Scotland Yard Yearbook contains critical sections on Tolerance; it is tolerance that allows a man to feel, and therefore be, free to think, research, formulate, speak, and refine all available facts and information. This diversity is the natural root of creativity. Without the freedom, and tolerance of free thought, all opinion becomes the same. Men need to learn to pursue different paths to conclusions, because this is the only tested and accurate way to derive ‘Truth.’ “[regarding Masons] We may well disagree, but we [should] try not to be disagreeable.” [http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/Davidson.html

John Locke [a known mason], framed the need for Governmental and Political power as necessary for societal function. The powers of any local government are built through the unification of the individuals minds and bodies. Every freeborn man has the right to freedom of Property- Locke postulated. Locke defined a property right as protection and security of self, body, and possessions. The individual has the natural right to withdraw his power when a stated leader fails, or when the individual’s confidence is lost in the leader’s abilities. Locke defines this corruption of power by the word ‘tyranny.’ Tyranny, Locke explained, is the ‘exercise of power beyond liberty.’ This type of excess destroys personal property, which no person or group has the right to do. The final assumption in the theorem is the definition of ‘re-absorption.’ When personal property and liberty are damaged, Revolution becomes the tool for re-calibration. [http://www.knightstemplar.org/KnightTemplar/articles/inspiration.htm]

James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton, thought quite a bit about personal liberty. When the first group of leaders sat down to pen the US Constitution, and agree to its contents, Madison, Hamilton and John Jay assumed the role of the first defenders of Constitutional American Liberty. The initial document’s wording and phrasing did not convince every congress person of the need for a warrior – general – presidential system. Madison, Jay, and Hamilton secretly took the pen name of ‘Publius,’ and wrote the Federalist Papers. Publius thought there was a definite need to discuss just what ‘personal freedom’ and the ‘individual’s rights to property’ represented. The aim of these documents was to convince the ratifiers of the constitution why there was a need for separation of powers, a bi-caramel Congress, and individual Executive and Judicial entities. Division of power was necessary because of the known nature of man, and the innate requirement of the Constitution to consciously or otherwise protect citizens’ rights to personal property and thought. “Freemasonry itself may be politically neutral” by design, “but its political values have become woven into” societies’ at large basic fabric. This ‘new DNA’ is at such a low-level that is often ‘taken for granted.’ http://www.knightstemplar.org/KnightTemplar/articles/inspiration.htm]

There are two basic types of freedom theft that concerned Madison. James Madison was an avid reader, and developed his ‘property’ instincts based upon thought experiments. His background forced him to consider two types of liberty curtailments. They are Tyranny, by the Majority or the Minority. Their definition arises from a stubborn autocrat’s tyrannical despotism, whereby a group, within a Democracy, acting similar to the evil tyrant, ‘squashes’ the freedoms of the remaining citizens. [https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Tyranny_of_the_majority]

Madison was able to easily relate to tyranny by the majority, but lacked the foresight of present day distance travel and data mobility that modern inventions afford most people. It took weeks to travel across the country, large sums of money to organize people, mass marketing did not exist in modern form, and the data infrastructure and information end nodes were not created yet. Madison knew that tyranny by the majority could occur when individuals with similar ends link together to form a large voting block, or clearinghouse of deciding power. The Republican led congress of Barrack Obama’s second term, or a conservative slanted Supreme Court are two examples. Madison realized that decisions could be influenced, or made in entirety by such majorities. Protections are necessary to protect the individual or ‘weaker groups’ from decisions made that oppress or fail to include varying points of view.

Modern Tyranny of the minority is not automatically prevented by great distance, or the overwhelming task of the information gathering process. Madison wrote about the inevitability of factions, and how their tolerated existence is required to protect the concept of personal freedoms. The Huffington Post article ‘Tyranny of the Minority’ cites evidence how modern-day splinter interests can (1) force candidates and office holders into extreme positions; And, [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/terry-newell/tyranny-of-the-minority_b_4503341.html] (2) Factions exist to protect themselves because compromise would cut of their funding and media grandstanding. Also, (3) They are well organized and inspire clingy supporters to further empower the renegade thought by imparting a ‘me too’ identity to the forming agency. (“I belong to _____,” which makes me feel more powerful and identifiable) [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/terry-newell/tyranny-of-the-minority_b_4503341.html] (4) Factions can also damage a Democracy by withholding support or blocking passage during critical debates. Groupings who simply ‘make threats’ against open discussion of policies and possibilities skew the larger dialog away from energetic exploration of individuals’ freedom of thought and association. Finally, (5) Plato’s analysis of democracy that careens off the rails explains that this type of degraded democracy seek to reset itself, and turn to dictatorship to regain control of the internal fighting. (https://chiefio.wordpress.com/2012/03/05/isms-ocracies-and-ologie/)

Dictatorship is the spectrum point opposite regarding individual freedoms, and does not necessarily limit despotism to a single person ruler. Elitist Minority rule or Unlimited Majority rule is camouflaged despotism, and care must be taken to protect the individual’s implied and verbally expressed rights to thought and property. The classic phrase describing Constitutional Challenges within a Democracy is framed as “deciding outcomes based on a case by case basis.” Socrates analyzed conceptual democracy, and tried to pick out flaws in its underlying design. (http://allanstime.com/Government/socrates_democracy.htm)

This type of inductive reasoning creates lists of most probable outcomes based upon the strong evidence given, but does not seek to offer the ultimate answers derived from deductive reasoning. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inductive_reasoning) Individual, Majority, and Minority rights must be preserved in an ordered Democratic system. The case by case analysis is computed at all levels, filtered, and coalesced into generally acceptable paths and proscriptions to enable the preservation of Individual Property and Freedoms. (http://www.annenbergclassroom.org/glossaries.aspx?term=majority-rule-and-minority-rights&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1)

The case by case analysis and the majority / minority discussion are conducted and directed by the rules of the Charter or Constitution that overlays society. The American Constitution calls for property protections as described by John Locke. This manifests during the voting process. American Democracy is not bound by a simple majority. Thomas Jefferson is recorded in history speaking about the necessary protections and equal rights which all citizens under the American Constitution have. The United States third president said, “[concept of democracy in 1801 in his First Inaugural Address] All . . . will bear in mind this sacred principle, that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful must be reasonable; that the minority possess their equal rights, which equal law must protect and to violate would be oppression.” http://www.annenbergclassroom.org/glossaries.aspx?term=majority-rule-and-minority-rights&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1) Masonry has its Landmarks, Constitutions, and Obligations that the craft must agree to, and abide by. These identities can be changed through different degrees of effort and debate. The organization and direction of the craft is laid out by our time leveled hierarchical rules. Landmarks are the most general and time-tested. Constitutions are the most directly applicable to the individual lodges. Obligations are what each mason promises to remember as the rule and guide to everyday life. Each mason is heartily encouraged to obtain copies of these rules and regulations. They should be thoroughly read, pondered, and even debated. This is the freedom which will promote a better understanding of life itself.

There are many votes which occur in formal and informal settings, at all levels and locations within our government (and masonic organizations). These votes are example of the ‘case by case basis’ testing that is part of what makes American society, and the US Constitution, a living entity. Challenges to freedoms arise the moment men became impassioned about a concept. It is most important not to get caught in worrying about the whip count, the majority, the minority factions, or what the great orators are trying to persuade the group to do. (https://www.thoughtco.com/congressional-majority-minority-leaders-and-whips-3322262) The protection of natural rights afforded by social contract, the freedoms of property, body, and mind, should be considered and applied when creating policy or allowing topic discussion on the speaking dais.

John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison (1787-1788) were aware of the fears of the states representatives’ considering the perceived balance between tyrannical central rule and states rights. States rights versus the power of the Executive Branch and Central Government sets up another debate regarding factions. The Greeks created a word to describe ‘tyrannical mob rule,” particularly through the ‘intimidation of the legitimate authorities. Ochlocracy is synonymous with the term ‘mobocracy,’ and can be viewed by the Latin phrase ‘mobile vulgus’ or Fickle Crowd. Ochlocracy further includes the notion of tyranny not just through brute push, but also by illegal actions, or ‘dirty tricks.’ (Nixon Administration,https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Segretti) An individual or rogue group can use intrigue or corruption to ‘Betray the interests of the public.’ (http://www.gradesaver.com/the-federalist-papers/study-guide/summary-essay-) These types of power redistributions are exactly what people fear when they allow freedom of speech and property. As previously mentioned, societal and technological advancement will necessarily create opportunity for the wicked. Inclusion is the best policy of all because man’s passions are empowered by creativity. Creativity is best applied to the craft as a whole, and to moving in a single direction. Creativity and passion is wasted when factions tear apart unity and waste time for the reason of selfish recognition.

The Worshipful Master controls the craft’s discussions, and often exercises cloture to respect his scheduling and focus. Madison realized that the greatest agent of protection against factionalism and tyranny is inclusion. The Anarchist hates inclusion, and seeks to destroy unity to preserve the power of chaos. Inclusions into critical processes (1), and recognition of (2) adaptations and compromise can bring all logical parts together. The Federalist Papers (Madison wrote) also recognized the power of factions to dissolve factionalism, as more secular and unique issues divided the Common / Wealth divisional debate into smaller parts. “Madison embraced the factionalism as a cure to the larger Wealth / Poverty struggle; because economic, geographic, religious, sectional, and social interests cut across every wealth gap.” http://www.gradesaver.com/the-federalist-papers/study-guide/summary-essay-) It should be noted here, that like all of mankind’s struggle to control fire [nuclear, AI, ‘power’] the blunt force object can develop a mind of its own. Many men have brought balancing forces into existence, thinking one magic door could ultimately control all outcomes. All agreement enters from the social contract developed and agreed upon. It is this point where compromise is forced upon all the shifty players, else Revolutions will obliterate the simple discussion, and change the sources and appointments of any power structure.

Foul deeds will rise, though all the earth o’er-whelm them, to men’s eyes. William Shakespeare, Hamlet [https://lisaleaks.com/category/h-w-bush/][https://lisaleaks.com/category/h-w-bush/]